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The Difference Between Amniotic Vs. Fat Derived Stem Cells

What are Stem Cells?

Unlike specialized cells (muscle, brain, blood) that are designed to perform particular functions in the human body, stem cells are unspecialized cells that, following mitosis, have the ability to remain stem cells or develop into specialized (differentiated) cells under specific experimental and/or physiologic conditions. Stem cells existing in bone marrow, for example, continuously divide to replace damaged cells with new, healthy stem cells. However, stem cells found in the heart, pancreas and other organs are permanently differentiated stem cells and do not have the capability of dividing. [1]

Amniotic-Derived Stem Cells

Amniotic fluid is a rich source of the regenerative type of stem cells that can divide, differentiate and promote healing of various body tissues. [2] Known for their anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor properties in regenerative medicine, amniotic derived stem cells are readily available and present no controversial issues regarding their harvesting and application. [3]

In addition to offering high concentrations of stem cells, the amniotic fluid also contains growth factors and hyaluronic acid that aids in the healing of multiple orthopedic conditions. Using amniotic derived stem cells for ligament sprains, chronic tendonitis, joints affected by osteoarthritis and other musculoskeletal disorders stimulates regeneration of damaged tissue without the use of prescription medications or surgery.

Amniotic stem cells are FDA regulated in the U.S and fall under the Vaccines, Blood & Biologics category.

Fat-Derived Stem Cells

Researchers discovered adult stem cells in liposuctioned adipose (fat) tissue in 2001. Like amniotic-derived stem cells, adipose- derived stem cells possess anti-inflammatory, pluripotent properties as well as the ability to induce vascularization during regeneration of damaged tissue. [4]

Before stem cells were discovered in adipose tissue, bone marrow stem cells held the most promise in the advancement of regenerative medicine techniques. Today, ongoing research concerning the benefits of fat-derived stem cells indicate that these stem cells are better than bone marrow stem cells at differentiating, promoting new vascular growth and suppressing inflammation. [5]

Contact Nervana to Learn More

If you are suffering from painful and debilitating musculoskeletal conditions that have not responded to pain medications or invasive procedures, call us today to find out how we may be able to relieve your pain!

Sources:

  1. http://stemcells.nih.gov/staticresources/info/basics/SCprimer2009.pdf
  2. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3375114/
  3. http://www.nature.com/cgt/journal/v19/n8/full/cgt201230a.html
  4. http://www.hindawi.com/journals/isrn/2013/713959/
  5. http://www.zen-bio.com/pubs/Human%20Adipose-derived%20stem%20cells.pdf